Education in all parts of the world is different in some way. It is the same in that children attend primary school from ages 6 to 12 and then high school from 12 to 18 but Iran’s education system also has differences. For one thing, all schools are single sex.
Primary education in public schools is often free, and private schools also are applicable to with high entry fees. There is even a blend of the two called Nemuneh Mardomi, which combines the education of private schools with the affordability of public schools.
The Nemuneh Mardomi have entrance exams to ensure only the best students get in, leading to massive and stressful competition for students to be allowed entry, and since education is a massive advantage when it comes to getting a better life for themselves, many students and parents take these exams seriously.
Subjects that are studied
The types of schools in Iran include the theoretical branch, the professional branch, and the manual skills branch.
The subjects that the students study include work, technology, research, art, and the Quran. While many schools focus on the theoretical side of work and research rather than the practical, sports and art allow students to focus completely on creativity and competition with one another and other schools. Even military service is told to the boys by the time they are in eighth grade.
The subjects and types of schools are all about preparing students for the future in various jobs such as agriculture and trading, as well as looking for and grooming leaders in the students. Many parents also seek to put their students through school and want them to have the best chance possible for success.
Homework and practice are extremely important in Iranian education because every chance that a student has to drill some extra work into their heads gives them an extra advantage when it comes to the tests that get them to the next level in life.
International Baccalaureate schools are also popping up in Iran, and English is taught as a second language in Iran starting in 7th grade, especially in public schools alongside Persian which is the main language of Iran.
When students get to the 12th grade they enter a college preparatory course and must choose which track they want to follow. The first one includes math, science, and culture with the second being more business oriented. Then the students focus on their chosen field of study before taking one final test.
The more things change, the more they stay the same
Despite all the changes that Iran’s education has from traditional education, there are many similarities. A focus on testing to prove merit and advance to the next level of education, homework to ensure memorization and application of skills, and a keen focus on preparing for life after education is over.
Iran’s education system, for all its flaws and problems, is still one that prepares its students for the long road ahead into adulthood.